Occupational Safety and Health is a very important science. It is aimed at protecting workers in factories and work facilities from potential accidents. Possible, these accidents can cause injury to the worker or death or damage to the property of the establishment.
Also, this science is rooted in several standards and requirements that must be followed to maintain our safety and safety around us. As is said safety for everyone here; it is the responsibility of all and unites them to live in a safe and reassuring work environment.
- Concern for occupational safety and health began with the beginning of civilization of the laws of Hammurabi. Basically, back in the time of the King of Babylon in the 18th century BC.
- Punishment of supervisors who caused harm as a result of non-performance of their work in the proper manner. If the lost arm of the result of the error or negligence supervisor, the arm of the supervisor is similarly cut.
- When a house collapses and the owners die, the supervisor of the house is executed if he or she does not take proper care.
- The ancient Egyptians knew some diseases arising from some industries. They have developed a comprehensive description of the diseases that affect the makers of sharpening weapons as a result of the inhalation of flying dust, where they were making their weapons at the time of granite stone.
- In England, the introduction of labor and safety laws began in 1802.
- The increasing concern for safety as a result of accidents and disasters. The concept of industrial security was developed into a more comprehensive concept. Moreover, it is not limited to the industry only, but to all work activities in occupational safety and health.
The International Labor Organization was established in 1919 to develop international standards for the protection of workers. Also, it was made to provide practical information on problems related to the world of work.
Of ILO Conventions No. 1 of 1919, which states that working hours shall not exceed 8 hours per day and 48 hours per week, Convention No. 14 of 1921 on the weekly holidays in the industrial sector.
Experiences proved that:
Basically, the method that leads only to dealing with accidents and their immediate causes, and that after it has become a sterile method for many institutions.
This is because it failed in the results of accidents and disasters and occupational safety and health problems.
Since the Second World War the development of the concept of safety management has begun where:
- Safety is the responsibility of management.
- It requires the active participation of all.
- Safety means managing and controlling all potential risks and accidents that could result in damage or destruction.
- The tendency to prevent accidents.
With this modern view, many countries have enacted laws that require safety management systems and programs.
This has contributed to the progress made in quality management systems and the total quality management systems. Moreover, it has contributed to the progress in the understanding of the real costs resulting from accidents.
Finally, the real cost of accidents goes far beyond the direct cost of damage that has been covered by insurance. Besides large losses, And the work and fame gained and threatened to survive.