Clean and Renewable Energy
Renewable energy is an inexhaustible, clean and fairly competitive source of energy. Its main characteristic is the differentiation of the fossil fuels, due to the diversity, potential, and abundance of those that can be found in any part of the planet. The good thing about using these fuels is that they do not generate polluting gases, besides their costs are quite accessible. This helps to reduce the different climate changes, while the other compound fuels cause the opposite.
Clean pens have been growing quite fast in recent years, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA); these energies represent almost half of the new electricity generation capacities installed several years ago, in 2014, the only source of energy that has surpassed clean and renewable energy is that of coal. But the growth of renewable energy is booming and the IEA is developing a development plan to increase its clean energy sources in many countries; India, China, Africa, the Middle East and others.
This energy has become essential in many countries because it works to combat climate change directly and can avoid natural phenomena and even the most devastating disasters. According to National Geographic, 2014 was one of the hottest years, warming recorded that year was 0.85 ° C on average.
On average, only 17 percent of the world’s population does not have access to a source of electrical energy. Similarly, 38 percent or about 2.7 billion people use biomass for domestic use of electricity, this type of energy can be very harmful to health. For reasons such as this, the IEA wants to increase the production of renewable energy in different countries of the world. The United Nations has also been joining in this purpose and they want to keep their word by the year 2030. It may seem a little ambitious for many; however, the IEA announced that even with these advances 800 million people would not have access to electricity.
Several of the existing renewable energies are wind power, solar energy, hydro or hydroelectric power, biomass and biogas, biothermic energy, and many others. These operate with the wind, others use water as fuel, solar panels and photovoltaic energy have also been innovated, as well as energy produced using different gases.
All these energies have several advantages; some of them are inexhaustible, there are always resources anywhere on the planet to keep the production sources active. They are essential to combat climate change and avoid tragedies, reduce energy dependence because they do not require external agents or compounds to operate are also increasingly competitive and is being accepted and implemented by many governments around the world.